Insights

The World Energy Trilemma

Progress Toward Balanced, Sustainable Energy Remains Slow

Energy sustainability is not just an opportunity to transform societies and grow economies, it is also a necessity – a prerequisite to meet growing energy demand in many parts of the world and to reduce the global carbon footprint.

In order to build a strong basis for prosperity and competitiveness, individual countries must balance the three core dimensions of what Oliver Wyman and the World Energy Council have defined as the energy trilemma: affordability and access, energy security and environmental  sustainability.

Our annual Energy Trilemma Index ranks 130 countries on their performance in meeting the demands of the energy trilemma and assesses how well countries are balancing the three dimensions.

The energy challenges faced by each country are unique and complex, as evidenced by the variability in performance across the trilemma dimensions and contextual factors. Yet the transnational nature of energy markets and environmental issues necessitates a perspective that extends past the country level.

The World Energy Trilemma


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Leader in each of three dimensions Leader across two dimensions Top 25

*Dimensional score is below 25, but overall balance score is high